Table 3

Exposure distributions for environmental exposures at the baseline home addresses based on geospatial modelling (LIFEWORK, n=88 466, 2011–2012)

10th percentile25th percentile50th percentile75th percentile90th percentile
Outdoor air pollution*
 NO2 (µg/m3)16.0519.0722.9327.3532.01
 PM10 (µg/m3)23.8023.9724.4325.1526.18
 PM2.5 (µg/m3)15.5816.1716.5717.0417.32
 PM2.5 absorbance (10−5 m−1)0.991.121.231.371.53
 OPdtt (nmol DTT/min/m3)0.881.041.191.311.41
Mobile phone base station RF-EMF†
 RF-EMF (mWm2)0.0000.0000.0030.0170.063
Greenness in 1000 m buffer‡
 NDVI (scale from −1 to +1)0.410.470.520.580.64
Traffic noise exposure§
 Lden (dB)47.0049.8053.1057.1061.50
  • *ESCAPE LUR model based on data from 2008 to 2011.

  • †NISMap estimates with antenna data from 2011.

  • ‡NDVI in 2011.

  • §STAMINA traffic data from 2011.

  • DTT, dithiothreitol; ESCAPE, European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects; Lden, day-evening-night weighted average traffic noise level; LUR, land use regression; NDVI, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index; NO2, nitrogen dioxide; OPdtt, oxidative potential measured by dithiothreitol; PM2.5, particulate matter with diameter ≤2.5 µm; PM10, particulate matter with diameter ≤10 µm; RF-EMF, radiofrequency electromagnetic fields; STAMINA, Standard Model Instrumentation for Noise Assessments.