Table 1

Characteristics of the study population by palliative care provision

CharacteristicsPalliative care provision (n=2479)
Palliative care provision (n=2479)Not receivedReceivedPost hoc
Total no of patients: No row %881 (35.5)1598 (64.5)
Age at death (years): No column %
 <5035 (4.0)97 (6.1)<0.05
 50–5965 (7.4)184 (11.5)<0.05
 60–69172 (19.5)394 (24.7)<0.05
 70–79289 (32.8)514 (32.2)ns
 80+320 (36.3)409 (25.6)<0.05
 Statistical test(4)=43.22, P<0.001)
Gender: No column %
 Male499 (56.6)813 (50.9)na
 Female382 (43.4)785 (49.1)na
 Statistical test(1)=7.57, P=0.006)
IMD deprivation quintile: No column %
 Quintile 1—top 20% most deprived272 (30.9)502 (31.4)na
 Quintile 2166 (18.8)315 (19.7)na
 Quintile 3142 (16.1)252 (15.8)na
 Quintile 4182 (20.7)317 (19.8)na
 Quintile 5—top 20% least deprived119 (13.5)211 (13.2)na
 Missing0 (0.0)1 (0.1)na
 Statistical test(4)=0.55, P=0.969)
First diagnosis cancer site: No column %
 Head and neck42 (4.8)69 (4.3)ns
 Upper gastrointestinal110 (125)277 (17.3)<0.05
 Colorectal113 (12.8)214 (13.4)ns
 Lung266 (30.2)390 (24.4)<0.05
 Breast81 (9.2)154 (9.6)ns
 Gynaecological44 (510)107 (6.7)ns
 Prostate83 (914)149 (9.3)ns
 Urological66 (7.5)125 (7.8)ns
 Central nervous system31 (3.5)32 (2.0)<0.05
 All other cancer sites45 (5.1)81 (5.1)ns
 Statistical test(9)=24.18, P=0.004)
Duration of illness (years)
 Median  1.28  1.26
 IQR(0.48–3.03)(0.52–3.20)
 Statistical test(M–W=701 396, P=0.882)
  •  χ2, (df shown in brackets).

  • IMD, Indices of Multiple Deprivation; M–W, Mann-Whitney U test; na, not applicable; ns, not significant.