Table 2

Baseline sociodemographic and health characteristics of the 85+ study participants

Characteristic *Males (319)
%(n)
Females (526)All (845)P value
Living status
 Alone in community39.5 (126)64.0 (336)54.7 (462)<0.001
 Not alone in community54.2 (173)23.4 (123)35.1 (296)
 Institutional living6.3 (20)12.6 (66)10.2 (86)
Self-rated health
 Excellent/very good43.9 (137)37.7 (193)40.1 (330)0.152
 Good36.5 (114)38.3 (196)37.6 (310)
 Fair/poor19.6 (61)24.0 (123)22.3 (184)
Education
 0–9 years62.3 (195)65.7 (339)64.4 (534)0.576
 10–11 years24.6 (77)21.7 (112)22.8 (189)
 12+ years13.1 (41)12.6 (65)12.8 (106)
MMSE
 Normal (26–30)71.9 (228)71.1 (371)71.4 (599)0.113
 Mild (22–25)18.3 (58)14.8 (77)16.1 (135)
 Mod (18–21)3.5 (11)6.9 (36)5.6 (47)
 Severe (0–17)6.3 (20)7.3 (38)6.9 (58)
GDS
 No depression79.7 (247)71.4 (360)74.6 (607)0.066
 Mild9.0 (28)13.9 (70)12.0 (98)
 Severe6.8 (21)8.5 (43)7.9 (64)
 MMSE<154.5 (14)6.2 (31)5.5 (45)
Categorised disability
 None31.6 (100)16.3 (85)22.1 (185)<0.001
 1–652.4 (166)57.5 (300)55.5 (466)
 7–1211.7 (37)18.8 (98)16.1 (135)
 13–174.4 (14)7.5 (39)6.3 (53)
Disease groups†
 06.6 (21)4.2 (22)5.1 (43)0.448
 119.4 (62)21.5 (113)20.7 (175)
 2–355.5 (177)55.7 (293)55.6 (470)
 4+18.5 (59)18.6 (98)18.6 (157)
  • *Data available at each time point for all characteristics except education.

  • †For diseases included, see table 1.

  • GDS Geriatric Depression Score; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination.