Table 2

Descriptive statistics of DASS-21 scale scores

Median (IQR)RangeAbove ‘normal’ cut-off, N (%)*
Depression score4.00 (8.00)0–348 (24.2)
Anxiety score2.00 (5.00)0–246 (18.2)
Stress score12.00 (11.00)0–289 (27.3)
Total score18.00 (26.00)0–76
  • *Scores of ≥10 for depression, ≥8  for anxiety and ≥ 15 for stress.

  • DASS-21, 21-item version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale.