Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the respondents and risk factors associated with falls among elderly Saudis

VariableCategoryTotalFalls
NoYes
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age (Mean±SD)68.8±9.027
Male: 69.13±9.379
Female: 67.68±8.673
GenderMale545 (46.1)288 (52.8)257(47.2)
Female637 (53.9)304 (47.7)333(52.3)
Educational levelUneducated429 (36.3)187 (43.6)242(56.4)
Primary school241 (20.4)126 (52.3) 115(47.7)
Middle school149 (12.6)68 (45.6)81(54.4)
High school163 (13.8)88 (54)75(46)
Diploma‎/Bachelor‎/Postgraduate200 (16.9)123 (61.5)77(38.5)
Marital statusMarried752 (63.6)385 (51.2)367(48.8)
Single or widowed378 (32)184 (48.7)194(51.3)
Separated52 (4.4)23 (44.2)29(55.8)
Monthly family income (Saudi Riyal)Less than 5000300 (25.4)138 (46)162 (54)
5000–9999350 (29.6)173 (49.4)177 (50.6)
10 000–19 999297 (25.1)148 (49.8)149 (50.2)
More than 19 999235 (19.9)133 (56.6)102 (43.4)
Source of financial supportI support myself, my wife and my children364 (30.8)203 (55.8)161 (44.2)
I support myself325 (27.5)143 (44)182 (56)
Someone else supports me414 (35)203 (49)211 (51)
I support myself and my wife79 (6.7)43 (54.4)36 (45.6)
Housing ownershipOwned1069 (90.4)545 (51)524 (49)
Rented113 (9.6)47 (41.6)66 (58.4)
Having a caregiverNo671 (56.8)365 (54.4)306 (45.6)
Yes511 (43.2)227 (44.4)284 (55.6)
Use of walking aidDo not use795 (67.3)431 (54.2)364 (45.8)
Walking stick279 (23.6)118 (42.3)161 (57.7)
Walker or frame52 (4.4)15 (28.8)37 (71.2)
Wheelchair56 (4.7)28 (50)28 (50)
Use of medications (number)Do not use any medications145 (12.3)88 (60.7)57 (39.3)
1–3482 (40.8)262 (54.4)220 (45.6)
four or more555 (47)242 (43.6)313 (56.4)
StressNo stress416 (35.2)244 (58.7)172 (41.3)
Some659 (55.8)301 (45.7)358 (54.3)
Substantial107 (9.1)47 (43.9)60 (56.1)
Cigarette smokingNo1069 (90.4)533 (49.9)536 (50.1)
Yes113 (9.6)59 (52.2)54 (47.8)
ExerciseNo824 (69.7)393 (47.7)431 (52.3)
Yes358 (30.3)199 (55.6)159 (44.4)