Table 2

Prevalence of multimorbidity

Full sampleAsthmaDiabetesEpilepsyFood allergyJuvenile arthritisP value
Baseline
 Any disorder29 (58)9 (64)4 (44)4 (50)5 (63)7 (64)0.88
 Major depressive episode12 (24)4 (29)2 (22)1 (13)1 (13)4 (36)0.74
 Separation anxiety2 (4)001 (13)01 (9)0.43
 Phobia*15 (30)6 (46)1 (11)1 (13)3 (38)4 (36)0.35
 Generalised anxiety6 (12)002 (25)2 (25)2 (18)0.11
 Attention-deficit hyperactivity5 (10)1 (7)01 (13)3 (38)00.06
 Oppositional defiant9 (18)2 (14)1 (11)2 (25)4 (50)00.07
 Conduct3 (6)1 (7)01 (13)1 (13)00.65
Six months
 Any disorder21 (42)9 (64)1 (11)4 (50)2 (25)5 (56)0.10
 Major depressive episode2 (4)00002 (22)0.11
 Separation anxiety3 (6)2 (14)01 (13)000.56
 Phobia*10 (20)5 (36)1 (11)1 (13)03 (33)0.25
 Generalised anxiety4 (8)1 (7)01 (13)02 (22)0.55
 Attention-deficit hyperactivity3 (6)0002 (25)1 (11)0.09
 Oppositional defiant6 (12)2 (14)02 (25)2 (25)00.31
 Conduct4 (8)1 (7)02 (25)1 (13)00.33
  • *Includes generalised, non-generalised and specific phobias.

  • Results are the number (%) of children with multimorbidity. Fisher’s exact tests examined multimorbidity across the five physical conditions.