Table 1

Baseline sample characteristics

Full sampleMultimorbidNot multimorbidP value
n502921
Child
 Age, years11.3 (3.3)11.6 (3.2)11.0 (3.4)0.62
 Male, n (%)26 (52)15 (52)11 (52)0.96
Diagnoses, n (%)0.98
 Asthma14 (28)9 (31)5 (24)
 Diabetes9 (18)4 (14)5 (24)
 Epilepsy8 (16)4 (14)4 (19)
 Food allergy8 (16)5 (17)3 (14)
 Juvenile arthritis11 (22)7 (24)4 (19)
Disease severity, VAS1.3 (1.2)1.5 (1.3)0.9 (0.9)0.16
Quality of life, KIDSCREEN-27
 Physical well-being48.0 (12.0)47.4 (11.0)48.8 (13.4)0.77
 Psychological well-being46.1 (9.8)43.6 (8.1)49.4 (11.2)0.08
 Autonomy/parent relations48.9 (9.6)47.5 (7.0)50.8 (12.1)0.72
 Peer support46.1 (11.4)46.7 (12.1)45.4 (10.5)0.35
 School environment50.1 (10.8)47.7 (8.8)53.3 (12.4)0.12
Parent
 Age, years44.0 (5.7)43.0 (4.8)45.2 (6.3)0.43
 Female, n (%)45 (90)26 (90)19 (91)0.92
 Immigrant, n (%)10 (20)8 (28)2 (10)0.16
 Married, n (%)39 (78)22 (76)17 (81)0.67
 Postsecondary graduate, n (%)39 (78)22 (76)17 (81)0.67
 Income ≥$C90 000, n (%)29 (58)17 (59)12 (57)0.87
 Parental stress, PSS35.9 (7.9)37.1 (7.3)34.4 (8.5)0.32
 Parental anxiety, STAI41.6 (9.8)44.2 (9.1)38.2 (10.0)0.05
 Parental depression, CES-D12.7 (9.9)13.0 (9.6)12.2 (10.5)0.58
 Family functioning, FAD25.5 (6.3)24.7 (6.2)26.5 (6.6)0.20
  • Results are reported as mean (SD) unless otherwise noted.

  • CES-D, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; FAD, McMaster Family Assessment Device; PSS, Parental Stress Scale; STAI, State Trait Anxiety Inventory; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.