Table 1

Description of the included studies

Author,year (reference)DesignSettingParticipants
(mean, SD, range)
of interest
Beck and Norling, 201039 Three-arm RCT
LWBV versus HWBV versus continue daily activities
Australian independently living postmenopausal women47
(15, 15, 17)
10071.5±9.5ITT/PPaBMD hip and spine, BUA of calcaneus, falls as adverse effectsYes92.1% LWBV, 91% HWBV
Buckinx et al, 2011/Beaudart et al, 201326 27 Two-arm RCT
WBV versus continue daily activities
Belgium nursing home residents62
(31, 31)
Corrie et al, 201419 Three-arm RCT vWBV versus svWBV versus shamEngland referred to Geriatric falls clinic61
(20, 20, 21)
6180.2±6.5ITTTurnover markers (CTX, P1NP)Yes77% vWBV
87% svWBV
90% sham
Gomez-Cabello et al, 201340 Two-arm RCT
WBV versus continue daily activities
Spain non-institutionalised elderly49
(24, 25)
59WBV 75.2±4.7
CON 74.8±4.9
ITTaBMD hip and spine, pQCTYesAverage 90.15%±10.73%
Iwamoto et al, 200423 Two-arm RCT
WBV+alendronate versus alendronate
Japan osteoporotic women50
(25, 25)
10055–88Not statedaBMD spine, falls as adverse effectsNot statedNot stated
Kiel et al, 201522 Two-arm RCT
WBV versus sham
North America independently living elderly174
(89, 85)
6782±7ITTvBMD hip and spine, turnover markers (CTX, P1NP)Electronic monitoring68% WBV 79% placebo
Leung et al, 201421 Two-arm cluster RCT
WBV versus continue daily activities
≥60 years independently living women
(364, 346)
ITTFractures, falls, aBMD hip and spineElectronic monitoring66% WBV
Liphardt et al, 201420 Two-arm RCT
WBV versus continue daily activities
Canadaosteopenic women42
(22, 20)
Not statedHRpQCT, aBMDYes90%
Santin-Medeiros et al, 201441 Two-arm RCT
WBV versus continue daily activities
Spain women >79 years43
(25, 18)
10082.4±5.7ITT/PPaBMD hipYes>80%
SitjÃ-Rabert et al, 201525 Two-arm RCT
WBV+exercise versus exercise
Spain nursing home residents >65 years159
(81, 79)
Von Stengel et al, 201142 Three-arm RCT
WBV+exercise versus exercise versus wellness therapy
Germany women ≥65s year, living independently151
(50, 50, 51)
10068.5±3.1ITTFalls, aBMD hip and spineAttendance listWBV+exercise 80%, exercise 75% home training sessions
WBV+exercise 45%, exercise 43%
Von Stengel et al, 201124 Three-arm RCT vWBV versus svWBV versus wellness therapyGermany women ≥65 years, living independently108
(36, 36, 36)
10068.5±3.1ITTaBMD femoral neck and spineAttendance logsvWBV 73%, svWB 68%, con 71%
Verschueren et al, 200412 Three-arm RCT
WBV versus exercise versus no training
Belgium postmenopausal women non-institutionalised70
(25, 22, 23)
10058–74Not statedaBMD hip and spine, turnover markers (CTX)Not statedNot stated
Verschueren et al, 201143 Four-arm RCT
WBV+HDvit versus WBV+Dvit versus no training+HDvit versus no training+Dvit
Belgium women living in nursing homes11310079.6ITTaBMD hipYes>90%
  • aBMD, areal bone mineral density; BUA, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound; CON, controls; CTX, carboxy terminal collagen crosslink; Dvit, conventional dose vitamin D; HDvit, high-dose vitamin D; HRpQCT, high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT, HWBV, high-magnitude whole-body vibration; ITT, intent to treat; LWBV, low-magnitude whole-body vibration; P1NP, amino terminal propeptide of type I collagen; PP, per protocol; pQCT, peripheral quantitative CT; svWBV, side-alternating whole-body vibration; RCT, randomised controlled trials ; vBMD, volumetric bone mineral density; vWBV, vertical whole-body vibration; WBV, whole-body vibration exercise.