Table 4

Toronto’s indigenous population based on data from the Canadian census and two estimates from respondent-driven sampling (RDS)

Census and National Household Survey (2011)Population size estimates from RDS (95% CI)Conservative population size estimates* from RDS (95% CI)
Adults15 65060 000 (47 000 to 84 000)45 000 (37 000 to 59 000)
Children362014 000 (10 000 to 19 000)10 000 (8000 to 14 000)
Total19 27074 000 (57 000 to 103 000)55 000 (45 000 to 73 000)
  • *Don’t know/remember/unreliable assumed to have completed the census.