Table 3

Healthcare resource utilisation by trial arm ($C 2016)

eDCT (n=679)Usual care (n=675)
EstimateSD (IQR)EstimateSD (IQR)
Index hospitalisation
 Average LOS (days)9.3010.04 (4–11)9.1910.33 (4–11)
 Average cost per person ($C)16 83221 756 (5988–18 394)17 50625 955 (5875–18 766)
Readmissions
 Total number of readmissions (n)31419.32*27918.71*
 Average number of readmissions (n)0.460.74 (0–1)0.410.72 (0–1)
 Average LOS (days)17.2437.41 (4–15)18.7928.63 (4–21)
 Average cost per person ($C)11 75635 906 (0–9868)10 83731 155 (0–6385)
ED
 Total number of ED visits (n)53037.37*52438.46*
 Average number of ED visits (n)0.781.43 (0–1)0.781.48 (0–1)
 Average LOS (hours)8.825.89 (4.58–11.30)8.376.49 (3.55–11.83)
 Average cost per person ($C)7571321 (0–1162)6831258 (0–1088)
AC
 Total number of AC visits (n)3554 (185)224.66*3844 (168)238.61*
 Average number of AC visits (n)5.238.62 (0–6)5.699.18 (1–7)
 Average cost per person ($C)20694212 (0–2297)18053319 (79–2120)
Drug
 Average number of dispenses (n)19.2122.70 (5–25)17.5422.15 (5–23)
 Average cost per dispense ($C)51767 (2–17)42305 (2–16)
 Average cost per person ($C)10184243 (71–695)7732225 (68–642)
Other
 Total number of physician claims (n)4935 (65)196.45*5198 (76)406.42*
 Average number of physician claims (n)8.047.53 (3–10)8.6816.35 (3–11)
 Average cost per physician claim ($C)†6154 (28–72)5556 (23–64)
 Average cost per person ($C)443499 (102–609)430458 (104–588)
Total average cost per patient ($C)32 892 (45 538)32 059 (44 471)
  • *SE.

  • †Includes imputed cost for patients missing physician claims data (n=58).

  • AC, ambulatory care; ED, emergency department; eDCT, electronic discharge communication tool; LOS, length of stay.