Table 1

Basic characteristics of 4235 participants by region

Wa region
(N=3246)
Eastern Shan State SR4
(N=989)
Age, years
 0–141355 (41.74)314 (31.75)
 15–341057 (32.56)345 (34.88)
 ≥35834 (25.70)330 (33.37)
Sex
 Male1638 (50.46)500 (50.56)
Education
 Under 14 years old1355 (41.74)314 (31.75)
 Illiterate1428 (44.31)454 (45.91)
 0–5 years313 (9.64)147 (14.86)
 ≥6 years140 (4.31)74 (7.48)
Household income
 <US$3601443 (44.45)82 (8.29)
 US$360–US$720839 (25.85)185 (18.71)
 >US$720964 (29.70)722 (73.00)
Ethnicity
 Wa2662 (82.01)
 Dai141 (4.34)352 (35.59)
 Aini158 (15.98)
 Others443 (13.65)479 (48.43)
Occupation
 Under 14 years old1355 (41.74)314 (31.75)
 Government/military105 (3.23)37 (3.74)
 Engineering, business and agriculture1670 (51.45)598 (60.47)
 Others115 (3.57)40 (4.04)
Types of drinking water
 Well water17 (0.52)140 (14.16)
 Hose water806 (24.83)685 (69.26)
 Others2423 (74.65)164 (16.58)
Physical distance to nearest healthcare facility
 <5 km1080 (33.27)487 (49.24)
 5–20 km1045 (32.19)355 (35.90)
 >20 km1121 (34.54)147 (14.86)
Food security
 Lacking in food supply1187 (36.57)171 (17.29)
  • Values are n (%) unless otherwise specified.

  • SR4, Special Region 4; WA region, Shan State Special Region 2.