Table 1

Baseline characteristics stratified by exercise status

VariablesExerciseP value*VariablesExerciseP value*
No
(n=4644)
Yes
(n=2857)
No
(n=4644)
Yes
(n=2857)
Dementia0.003Diabetes<0.001
 No45602830 No45812782
 Yes8427 Yes6375
Age group (years)<0.001Stroke or cerebrovascular disease0.016
 65~1400981 No44742720
 75~1325905 Yes170137
 85~1132688ADL disability<0.001
 95~787283 No37542521
Gender<0.001 Yes890336
 Male18181588Current smoker0.026
 Female28261269 No36932210
Residence<0.001 Yes951647
 Urban16471707Current drinker<0.001
 Rural29971150 No36762103
Living arrangement<0.001 Yes968754
 Not alone39212535Social activity<0.001
 Alone723322 No43902362
Education<0.001 Yes254495
 Illiteracy30291243Gardening<0.001
 Primary13061050 No41451960
 Postprimary309564 Yes499897
Occupation<0.001Playing card/mah-jong<0.001
 Farmer31361245 No38482048
 Non-farmer15081612 Yes795808
Hypertension0.008Listening to radio/watching TV<0.001
 No40262414 No1577456
 Yes618443 Yes30672401
  • *P value for χ2 test.

  • ADL, activities of daily life; TV, television.