Neonatal complications model—probabilities and costs
Neonatal complicationGDM (%)Euglycaemia (%)Difference (%)Complication CostReference
Premature infant (NICU)6.352.473.882536 35–40
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NICU)5.94.031.8732 480 35–40
Macrosomia8.76.312.393675.56 36–40
 Shoulder dystocia14.53578
 Brachial plexus injury187316
Neonatal asphyxia (NICU)3.781.272.526652.44 36
 Mild536064
 Neonatal encephalopathy477316
Neonatal hypoglycaemia (NICU)60.865.143578 42
Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia NICU1.80.90.93504 39
  • GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; PIH, pregnancy-induced hypertension.