Table 4

Low/middle-income country researchers’ perceptions and awareness of occurrence of heath research reporting practies

Health research reporting practice
Total n=198
Perception: acceptable or does not really matter, n (%)Behaviour: have done this themselves, n (%)Occurrence at institution:
this happens, n (%)
Authorship
 Adding the head of department who has not contributed sufficiently to the research*69 (35)48 (24)153 (77)
 Adding an expert in the field who has not contributed sufficiently to the research64 (32)42 (21)140 (71)
 Acknowledging a biostatistician for assistance with data analysis132 (67)103 (52)166 (84)
 Omitting an author who has contributed substantially to the research3 (2)4 (2)81 (41)
Redundant publication
 Text recycling (using one’s own work from a previous publication in another)57 (29)22 (11)118 (60)
Plagiarism
 Translating a text without acknowledging the original source9 (5)4 (2)74 (37)
 Copying an idea without acknowledgement of the original source20 (10)5 (3)85 (43)
Conflicts of interest
 Not declaring previous financial reimbursement from a company involved in a research project25 (13)5 (3)80 (40)
 Not declaring your spouse’s link to a company involved in a research project47 (24)3 (2)56 (28)
  • *The full scenarios can be found in online supplementary file 1.