Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of study participants

VariableWCP,
n/N (%)
FSP,
n/N (%)
P valueBoth WCP and FSP,
n/N (%)
Marital status
 Never married395/802 (49.2)547/1104 (49.6)0.899942/1906 (50.0)
 Currently married305/802 (38.0)318/1104 (28.8)<0.001623/1906 (33.1)
 Divorced11/802 (1.4)11/1104 (1.0)0.44922/1906 (1.2)
 Separated13/802 (1.6)56/1104 (5.1)<0.00169/1906 (3.7)
 Widowed7/802 (0.9)35/1104 (3.2)0.00142/1906 (2.2)
 Married/cohabited before but current status unrecorded71/802 (8.9)137/1104 (12.4)0.014208/1906 (10.9)
Highest educational level
 Primary92/799 (11.5)171/1091 (15.7)0.010263/1890 (13.9)
 Secondary (any grade)593/799 (74.2)866/1091 (79.4)0.0081459/1890 (77.2)
 Finished secondary school259/799 (32.5)262/1091 (24.0)<0.001521/1890 (27.6)
 Tertiary114/799 (14.3)54/1091 (4.9)<0.001168/1890 (8.9)
 Employed245/801 (30.6)131/1104 (11.9)<0.001376/1905 (19.7)
Wealth quintile*
 Lowest quintile (poorest)157/784 (20.0)218/1087 (20.0)0.987375/1871 (20.0)
 Second lowest quintile157/784 (20.0)217/1087 (20.0)0.974374/1871 (20.0)
 Middle quintile167/784 (21.3)218/1087 (20.0)0.511385/1871 (20.6)
 Second highest quintile159/784 (20.3)219/1087 (20.2)0.944378/1871 (20.2)
 Highest quintile (wealthiest)144/784 (18.4)215/1087 (19.8)0.444359/1871 (19.2)
Setting
 Urban formal455/802 (56.7)NA NANA
 Urban informal347/802 (43.3)520/1104 (47.1)0.097867/1906 (45.5)
 Rural formalNA584/1104 (52.9) NANA
  • The two-sample test of equality of proportions test statistic was used for comparison of sample substrata between WCP and FSP and to generate P values.

  • *Household wealth quintiles were generated separately for each province using data for the specified province only.

  • FSP, Free State Province; n/N (%), proportion and percentage; NA, not applicable; WCP, Western Cape Province.