Table 3

Multinomial logistic regression results examining differences in psychological distress at the Kessler-6 clinical cut point between the father groups adjusted and unadjusted for socioeconomic position when their children were aged 4–5 years

OutcomesRefugee*Migrated from a non-English-speaking country*Migrated from an English-speaking country*
Unadjusted for SEP
 Mental health (K6)
  Normal range (<7)RefRefRef
  Symptomatic or clinical cut point (8+) 3.93 (2.66 to 5.81), <0.001 1.71 (1.44 to 2.03), <0.001 1.07 (0.91 to 1.27), 0.403
Adjusted for SEP
 Mental health (K6)
  Normal range (<7)RefRefRef
  Symptomatic or clinical cut point (8+) 3.17 (2.13 to 4.74), <0.001 1.79 (1.51 to 2.13), <0.001 1.13 (0.95 to 1.33), 0.169
  • Bold text indicates significance at P<0.05.

  • *‘Fathers born in Australia’ is the reference category.

  • K6, Kessler-6; SEP, socioeconomic position.