Table 4

Descriptive statistics for physical health conditions for each father group when their children were aged 4–5 years

OutcomesRefugee
(n=131)
Migrated from a non-English-speaking country
(n=872)
Migrated from an English-speaking country
(n=1005)
Born in Australia
(n=6129)
Physical health issues
 None121 (92.4%)800 (91.7%)913 (90.8%)5528 (90.2%)
 One or more10 (7.6%)72 (8.3%)92 (9.2%)601 (9.8%)
Global health
 Very good to excellent54 (41.2%)452 (51.8%)539 (53.6%)3279 (53.5%)
 Good45 (34.4%)301 (34.5%)338 (33.6%)2089 (34.1%)
 Fair to poor32 (24.4%)120 (13.8%)128 (12.7%)761 (12.4%)
Alcohol use
 Abstain to occasional84 (64.1%)426 (48.9%)206 (20.5%)1277 (20.8%)
 Light (<2 drinks/day)44 (33.6%)380 (43.6%)573 (57.0%)3463 (56.5%)
 Moderate to harmful (>3 drinks/day to >6 drinks/day)3 (2.3%)66 (7.6%)226 (22.5%)1389 (22.7%)
Cigarette smoking
 Do not smoke at all/less than once per day78 (59.5%)674 (77.3%)814 (81.0%)4786 (78.1%)
 At least once a day53 (40.5%)198 (22.7%)191 (19.0%)1343 (21.9%)
BMI status
 Underweight18 (13.7%)60 (6.9%)42 (4.2%)147 (2.4%)
 Normal weight41 (31.3%)333 (38.2%)313 (31.1%)1675 (27.3%)
 Overweight47 (35.9%)376 (43.1%)478 (47.6%)3074 (50.2%)
 Obese25 (19.1%)103 (11.8%)172 (17.1%)1233 (20.1%)