Table 1

Characteristics of women with low-risk pregnancies by planned place of birth at start of labour

NulliparousMultiparous
Birth centre (reference)Hospital†HomeBirth centre (reference)Hospital†Home
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
939348399729353687
Maternal background
 Dutch750 (79.9)270 (77.6)386 (96.7)***524 (71.9)261 (73.9)649 (94.5)***
 Non-Dutch189 (20.1)78 (22.4)13 (3.3)205 (28.1)92 (26.1)38 (5.5)
Social economic status
 Low123 (13.3)36 (10.9)25 (6.3)***121 (17.0)44 (12.9)28 (4.1)***
 Medium637 (68.9)243 (73.4)330 (83.3)476 (67.0)239 (70.3)558 (81.9)
 High165 (17.8)52 (15.7)41 (10.4)113 (15.9)57 (16.8)95 (14.0)
Urbanisation
 Densely populated areas (≥1500/km²)412 (45.0)101 (30.8)***80 (20.4)***293 (42.0)127 (38.3)132 (19.5)***
 Intermediate density areas (500–1500/km²)215 (23.5)87 (26.5)120 (30.5)188 (26.9)80 (24.1)185 (27.4)
 Thinly populated areas (<500/km²)288 (31.5)140 (42.7)193 (49.1)217 (31.1)125 (37.7)359 (53.1)
 Maternal age (mean in years) (SD)29.6 (4.5)28.9 (4.2)*28.3 (4.2)32.2 (4.3)32.1 (4.0)32.4 (4.6)
 Gestation (mean in days) (SD)280 (7.4)279 (7.3)280 (7.6)281 (6.4)280 (6.6)281 (6.8)
  • *P<0.05; ***P<0.001.

  • †Community midwife led.