Table 1

General characteristics of the population

CharacteristicsVALCARHortegaVALCAR+Hortega
Number of subjects46815021970
Age (years)46.4±14.9*54.4±19.352.6±18.7
BMI† (kg/m2)28±4.7*26.4±4.127.7±4.4
Waist circumference (cm)92.6±12.8*89.5±13.090.2±13.0
Obesity (n, %)114 (24.4)*356 (23.7)470 (23.9)
Abdominal obesity (n, %)151 (32.3)*414 (27.6)565 (28.7)
Diabetes mellitus (n, %)55 (11.8)*114 (7.6)169 (8.6)
Glucose† (mg/dL)99.7±24.4*92.5±20.491.9±29.9
Hypertension (n, %)129 (27.5)*642 (42.7)771 (39.1)
Systolic blood pressure† (mm Hg)126.5±16.1*130.7±21.6129.5±20.5
Diastolic blood pressure† (mm Hg)77.1±9.9*79.1±10.678.2±10.4
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)222.7±61.7*201.3±38.1207.6±46.2
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)56.4±15.1*51.7±14.253.9±14.5
  • Values are mean±SD deviation. For qualitative variables, data are expressed as (n, %).

  • *P<0.0001.

  • †Number of missing data in VALCAR/Hortega populations: BMI 35/38, systolic blood pressure 53/10, diastolic blood pressure 53/10, glucose 5/2.

  • BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.