Table 4

Conceptual domains of the Pathak-Wieten Stoicism Ideology Scale (PW-SIS)

DomainMean score (95% CI)Cronbach’s alphaCorrelation with
ST score
Correlation with
SE score
Correlation with
SS score
Correlation with
SDI score
Stoic taciturnity (ST): the belief that one should conceal one’s problems and emotions from others (modern)−0.08 (−0.18 to +0.02)0.711.000.59
P<0.0001
0.53
P<0.0001
0.09
P=0.0729
Stoic endurance (SE): the belief that one should endure physical suffering without complaining (modern)+0.04 (−0.06 to +0.13)0.650.59
P<0.0001
1.000.35
P<0.0001
0.18
P=0.0005
Stoic serenity (SS): the belief that one should refrain from experiencing strong emotions (classical)−0.66 (−0.75 to −0.56)0.640.53
P<0.0001
0.35
P<0.0001
1.000.15
P=0.0031
Stoic death indifference (SDI): the belief that one should not fear or avoid death (classical)+0.08 (−0.03 to +0.18)0.690.09
P=0.0729
0.18
P=0.0005
0.15
P=0.0031
1.00
Stoicism ideology scale (PW-SIS)−0.16 (−0.22 to −0.09)0.780.79
P<0.0001
0.74
P<0.0001
0.72
P<0.0001
0.53
P<0.0001