Table 1

Individual characteristics and risk factor levels in the British Regional Heart Study of men who have attended the examination in 1998–2000

Demographic and background characteristics
Age (years), mean (SD)68.7 (5.5)
Social class (manual)
 Manual, n (%)2166 (51.1)
 Non-manual, n (%)1966 (46.3)
 Armed Forces, n (%)112 (2.6)
Physical health
 Body mass index, mean (SD)26.9 (3.7)
 Prevalence of stroke/myocardial infarction, n (%)153 (3.6)
 Prevalence of heart failure, n (%)390 (9.2)
 Diabetes, n (%)478 (11.2)
Behavioural factors
 Smoking
 Never, n (%)1233 (29.1)
 Ex-smokers, n (%)2464 (58.0)
 Smokers, n (%)548 (12.9)
Alcohol consumption
 None, n (%)431 (10.3)
 Occasional/light, n (%)*2949 (70.5)
 Moderate/heavy, n (%)†779 (18.6)
Physical activity level
 Inactive, n (%)471 (11.5)
 Occasionally, n (%)957 (23.4)
 Light, n (%)767 (18.7)
 Moderate, n (%)591 (14.4)
 Moderate vigorous, n (%)690 (16.8)
 Vigorous, n (%)621 (15.1)
CVD risk factor, geometric mean (SD)
 CRP, mg/L1.74 (3.03)
 IL-6, pg/mL2.46 (1.94)
 Fibrinogen, g/L3.19 (1.25)
 t-PA, ng/mL10.23 (1.50)
 vWF, IU/dL132.41 (1.40)
 D-dimer, ng/mL84.32 (2.32)
 NT-proBNP, pg/mL101.50 (3.32)
 cTnT, pg/mL12.07 (1.64)
  • *≥1 and ≤15 units per week (1 unit is approximately one drink, such as one glass of wine).

  • †≥16 units per week (1 unit is approximately one drink, such as one glass of wine).

  • CRP, C reactive protein; cTnT, cardiac troponin T; IL-6, interleukin-6; NT-proBNP, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide; t-PA, tissue plasminogen activator; vWF, von Willebrand factor.