Table 3

Association between prenatal diagnosis and risk of infant mortality for four specific congenital heart defects (CHDs), EPIdémiologie des CARDiopathies congénitales (EPICARD) Population-Based Cohort Study

CHDPrenatal diagnosisInfant mortalityRisk ratio95% CI
n*n†%95% CI
Functionally univentricular heart‡No7342.99.9 to 81.6
Yes321753.134.7 to to 3.1
d-Transposition of the great arteries‡No2414.20.1 to 21.1
Yes5758.82.9 to to 17.1
Tetralogy of Fallot‡No18211.11.4 to 34.7
Yes3612.80.07 to to 2.6
Coarctation of the aorta‡No4436.81.4 to 18.7
Yes2926.90.8 to to 5.7
  • *N = number of live births (denominator data).

  • †n= number of deaths (numerator data).

  • ‡Cases with the specific International Paediatric and Congenital Cardiac Code for the given CHD; whether or not other CHD codes were also included, all cases with chromosomal or others anomalies were excluded.