Table 2

Sociodemographic characteristics and reproductive history of participants* by provider

Characteristics of participantsMidwifePhysicianTotal
Age (years)
 n422416838
 Mean (SD)25.2 (5.9)24.8 (5.4)25- (5.6)
 Range14–4512–4112–45
 14–1960 (14%)56 (14%)116 (14%)
 20–24171 (40%)167 (40%)338 (40%)
 25–29101 (24%)113 (27%)214 (26%)
 30–3453 (13%)51 (12%)104 (12%)
 35–3928 (7%)26 (6%)54 (7%)
 40–479 (2%)3 (1%)12 (1%)
Marital status
 n433426859
 Married or cohabiting289 (67%)292 (68%)581 (68%)
 Single128 (30%)124 (29%)252 (29%)
 Divorced/separated9 (2%)7 (2%)16 (2%)
 Widowed7 (2%)3 (1%)10 (1%)
Religion
 n433426859
 Christian427 (99%)417 (98%)844 (98%)
 Muslim6 (1%)9 (2%)15 (2%)
Education
 n433425858
 None6 (1%)2 (1%)8 (1%)
 Primary 1–411 (2%)9 (2%)20 (2%)
 Primary 1–5108 (25%)121 (28%)229 (27%)
 Secondary206 (48%)186 (44%)392 (46%)
 Tertiary102 (24%)107 (25%)209 (24%)
Occupation
 n431423854
 Unemployed210 (49%)197 (47%)407 (48%)
 Formal employment73 (17%)75 (18%)148 (17%)
 Self-employed148 (34%)151 (36%)299 (35%)
Gestational age based on clinical examination (weeks)
 n433426859
 Mean (SD)9.4 (2.2)9.7 (2.1)9.6 (2.2)
 Range1–123–121–12
Number of previous pregnancies
 n433425858
 Mean (SD)1.75 (1.8)1.8 (1.6)1.8 (1.7)
 Range0–120–80–12
 0135 (31%)101 (24%)236 (27%)
 194 (22%)110 (26%)204 (24%)
 2–3136 (31%)157 (37%)293 (34%)
 4–558 (13%)50 (11%)108 (13%)
 6–87 (2%)7 (2%)14 (2%)
 9–123 (1%)03
Parity (live birth)
 n431425856
 Mean (SD)1.1 (1.4)1.1 (1.3)1.1 (1.3)
 Range0–100–70–10
 0205 (48%)178 (42%)383 (45%)
 1105 (24%)111 (26%)216 (25%)
 2–394 (22%)115 (27%)209 (24%)
 4–523 (5%)18 (4%)41 (5%)
 6–83 (1%)3 (1%)6 (1%)
 9–11101
  • Data are n (%) unless otherwise stated.

  • Internal drop-out range between 0–11 (0%–2.6%), among the midwife and physician group, respectively.

  • *Includes women lost to follow-up.