Table 2

Results of linear regression modelling to investigate the associations between commuting behaviour, physical activity and sedentary time, stratified by gender

MVPA (min/week)*Total MET-min/weekTotal sedentary time (hours/day)
Male
β (95% CI)
Female
β (95% CI)
Male
β (95% CI)
Female
β (95% CI)
Male
β (95% CI)
Female
β (95% CI)
Car (reference)0.00.00.00.00.00.0
 MT/AC†−49.9 (−89.8 to 10.1)12.5 (−27.9 to 52.8)93.0 (−381.0 to 193.0)312.3 (12.3 to 612.4)−2.0 (−2.3 to 1.7)−1.0 (−1.3 to 0.7)
 Active commuting86.4 (23.1 to 149.7)156.2 (97.0 to 215.4)777.0 (320.6 to 1233.3)1287.3 (847.3 to 1727.4)−1.3 (−1.8 to 0.9)−1.0 (−1.4 to 0.6)
Model 2‡
 Car (reference)0.00.00.00.00.00.0
 MT/AC†−57.4 (−98.6 to 16.2)−3.0 (−45.9 to 40.1)−156.1 (−452.4 to 140.3)155.2 (−163.4 to 473.9)−2.2 (−2.4 to 1.9)−1.2 (−1.5 to 0.9)
 Active commuting74.6 (10.9 to 138.4)145.3 (85.5 to 205.2)665.5 (207.0 to 1124.1)1149.4 (706.3 to 1592.5)−1.5 (−1.9 to 1.0)−1.1 (−1.5 to 0.7)
 Car (reference)0.00.00.00.00.00.0
 MT/AC†−29.6 (−70.6 to 11.4)11.5 (−35.3 to 58.3)47.0 (−240.9 to 334.9)290.8 (−46.0 to 627.6)−2.2 (−2.5 to 1.9)−1.1 (−1.5 to 0.8)
 Active commuting72.9 (10.8 to 134.9)104.5 (41.7 to 167.2)586.6 (150.9 to 1022.3)722.3 (270.3 to 1174.1)−1.1 (−1.6 to 0.7)−0.8 (−1.2 to 0.3)
  • *MVPA: Moderate to vigorous physical activity.

  • †MT/AC: motorised travel and active commuting.

  • ‡Model is adjusted for age, ethnicity, average household income, Townsend deprivation score, assessment centre, poor health.

  • §Additionally adjusted for distance from home to work, commute frequency, population density, non-work active travel and job involves walking. Model 1 presents unadjusted associations.

  • MET, metabolic equivalents.