Table 2

Distribution of rubella virus infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics in public hospitals in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia, 2016

VariablesNo. (%) testedAntirubella IgMAntirubella IgG
No. (%) pos.COR (95% CI)p ValueNo. (%) pos.COR (95% CI)p Value
Trimester
 First96 (22.7)4 (4.2)2.3 (0.4 to 13.1)0.33179 (82.3)1
 Second216 (51.2)3 (1.4)0.7 (0.1 to 4.6)0.766188 (87.0)1.4 (0.8 to 2.8)0.273
 Third110 (26.1)2 (1.8)197 (88.2)1.6 (0.7 to 3.5)0.235
Gravidity
 Primigravida163 (38.6)6 (3.7)0.3 (0.1 to 1.2)0.098146 (89.6)1
 Multigravida259 (61.4)3 (1.2)1218 (84.2)0.6 (0.3 to 1.1)0.119
Parity
 Null parity194 (46)6 (3.1)2.3 (0.6 to 9.7)0.222173 (89.2)1
 Multiparity228 (54)3 (1.3)1191 (83.8)0.62 (0.4 to 1.1)0.110
Stillbirths
 Yes37 (8.8)2 (5.4)3.1 (0.6 to 15.4)0.17034 (91.9)1.8 (0.6 to 6.4)0.305
 No385 (91.2)7 (1.8)1330 (85.7)1
Spontaneous abortion
 Yes74 (17.5)1 (1.4)0.6 (0.1 to 4.7)0.61360 (81.1)0.62 (0.3 to 1.2)0.157
 No348 (82.5)8 (2.3)1304 (87.4)1
Fetal deaths
 Yes24 (5.7)1 (4.2)0.5 (0.1 to 3.9)0.48821 (87.5)1.12 (0.3 to 3.8)0.855
 No398 (94.3)8 (2.0)1343 (86.2)1
  • COR, crude OR; No., number; Pos, positive.