Table 2

Characteristics of the studies included in the present review

Source paperCountryParticipantsSettingCountry’s legislation on EAS
Lavery et al 1 Canada31 men; 1 woman with HIV/AIDSHIV Ontario Observational DatabaseNeither euthanasia nor AS are legal
Kelly et al 2 Australia30 terminally ill cancer patientsInpatient hospice unit and home PC service
Coyle and Sculco24 USA7 terminally ill cancer patientsPain and PC unit in an urban cancer research centre
Mak and Elwyn7 China6 patients26-bed hospice in China
Pearlman et al 23 USA35 patientsPatient advocacy organisations that counsel persons interested in AS, hospices and grief counsellorsAS legal since 2009. At the time of the study, AS had yet to be decriminalised
Schroepfer8 18 terminally ill elders2 PC programmes, 2 hospital outpatient clinics and six hospicesNeither euthanasia nor AS are legal
Nissim et al 6 Canada27 ambulatory cancer patientsOutpatient clinics at a large cancer centre
Stiel et al 20 Germany10 inpatients and 2 outpatients of PMDPMD of three university hospitals
Dees et al 9 The Netherlands31 patients with different diagnosesSupport and Consultation on Euthanasia in The Netherlands network; hospice, hospital and nursing homeEAS legal since 2009
Ohnsorge et al 10 Switzerland2 women with terminal cancer, and caregiversPC hospiceAS legal since 1942
Ohnsorge et al 11 30 terminally ill cancer inpatients/outpatients and their caregivers/relativesHospice, a PC ward in the oncology department of a general hospital and an ambulatory PC service
Ohnsorge et al 4 30 terminally ill cancer inpatients/outpatients and their caregivers/relativesHospice, a PC ward in the oncology department of a general hospital and an ambulatory PC service
Nilmanat et al 22 Thailand11 women and 4 men with terminal cancer and short-life expectancyPublic health service for cancer treatmentNeither euthanasia nor AS are legal
Pestinger et al 21 Germany10 inpatients and 2 outpatients of PMDPMD of three university hospitals
  • AS, assisted suicide; EAS, euthanisia and assisted suicide; PC, palliative care;

  • PMD, palliative medicine department.