Table 1

General characteristics of all the sample and by gender

VariablesGlobal (n=2354)Males (n=1456)Females (n=898)p Value
Age (years)61.4±7.761.1±8.161.8±7.00.030
Smoking n (%)658 (28.0)456 (31.5)202 (22.7)<0.001
Alcohol (gr/week)72.2±117.5102.2±133.323.6±59.9<0.001
Physical activity (METs-min/week)2481±25122886±18311825±1691<0.001
Sedentary n (%)1020 (43.3)538 (37.0)482 (53.7)<0.001
Height (cm)165±9170±7156±6<0.001
Weight (kg)79.4±14.683.9±13.472.2±13.3<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)29.2±4.429.1±3.929.5±5.10.035
BMI ≥30 n (%)847 (36.0)485 (33.4)362 (40.4)0.001
Waist circumference (cm)100.9±11.6102.9±10.597.6±12.5<0.001
WHtR0.61±0.070.61±0.060.62±0.08<0.001
CUN-BAE35.7±1.731.1±4.543.1±5.1<0.001
BRI5.8±1.75.7±1.56.1±2.1<0.001
SBP (mm Hg)137.1±17.4138.9±17.1134.2±17.5<0.001
DBP (mm Hg)84.4±10.285.5±10.482.7±9.7<0.001
Heart rate (beats per minute)74.2±10.273.3±12.775.8±11.6<0.001
Hypertension n (%)1712 (72.7)1122 (80.1)590 (75.4)<0.001
Antihypertensive drugs (n (%))1199 (50.9)729 (50.2)470 (52.6)0.289
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)225.8±40.9220.8±39.1233.9±42.5<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)140.4±34.9138.9±34.2142.8±35.80.011
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)49.8±12.947.9±11.952.9±13.8<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)145.5±96.6150.3±106.3137.7±77.90.001
Atherogenic index4.8±1.34.8±1.34.7±1.30.002
Dyslipidaemia n ((%))2151 (91.4)1311 (90.0)840 (93.5)<0.001
Lipid lowering drugs (n (%))671 (28.5)392 (26.8)279 (31.0)0.034
FPG (mg/dL)107.2±34.8106.9±33.9107.6±36.10.659
HbA1c4.8±1.35.9±1.46.1±1.40.001
Diabetes (n (%))791 (33.6)463 (31.8)328 (36.5)0.020
Antidiabetic drugs (n (%))474 (20.1)269 (18.5)205 (22.9)0.011
CAVI8.8±1.28.9±1.28.6±1.1<0.001
baPWV (m/s)14.9±2.514.8±2.515.0±2.60.107
  • Values are means and (SD) for continuous data and number and (proportions) for categorical data.p Value differences between male and females.baPWV, brachuial-ankle pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; BRI, body roundness index; CAVI, cardio-ankle vascular index; CUN-BAE, Clínica Universidad de Navarra-body adiposity estimator; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c, glycosylated haemoglobin; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; METs-min/week, metabolic equivalent minutes per week; SBP, systolic blood pressure; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio.