Table 4

Association between adiposity measures with CAVI in different groups

R2 β (95% CI)Partial R2 p Value
CAVI
Hypertensive
 BMI0.409−0.076 (−0.087 to −0.065)0.023<0.001
 WHtR0.383−3.838 (−4.527 to −3.148)0.035<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.368−0.068 (−0.078 to −0.058)0.051<0.001
 BRI0.382−0.165 (−0.193 to −0.137)0.035<0.001
Non-hypertensive
 BMI0.372−0.071 (−0.086 to −0.057)0.052<0.001
 WHtR0.324−2.939 (−3.850 to −2.028)0.046<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.405−0.065 (−0.080 to −0.052)0.080<0.001
 BRI0.318−0.108 (−0.144 to −0.072)0.042<0.001
Patients with diabetes
 BMI0.439−0.087 (−0.101 to −0.073)0.95<0.001
 WHtR0.399−4.613 (−5.523 to −3.702)0.069<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.437−0.083 (−0.096 to −0.070)0.70<0.001
 BRI0.391−0.169 (−0.205 to −0.134)0.062<0.001
Patients without diabetes
 BMI0.396−0.067 (−0.078 to −0.056)0.049<0.001
 WHtR0.369−3.088 (−3.781 to −2.396)0.034<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.395−0.059 (−0.069 to −0.050)0.064<0.001
 BRI0.369−0.130 (−0.159 to −0.099)0.0340.016
Obese
 BMI0.414−0.093 (−0.112 to −0.074)0.054<0.001
 WHtR0.377−2.945 (−4.085 to −1.804)0.003<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.418−0.100 (−0.122 to −0.079)0.026<0.001
 BRI0.377−0.110 (−0.153 to −0.069)0.003<0.001
Non-obese
 BMI0.373−0.058 (−0.078 to - 0.038)0.013<0.001
 WHtR0.361−1.394 (−2.366 to - 0.421)0.0030.005
 CUN-BAE0.373−0.050 (−0.066 to −0.033)0.020<0.001
 BRI0.358−0.044 (−0.085 to −0.003)0.0020.034
≤62 years
 BMI0.368−0.078 (−0.089 to −0.077)0.770.003
 WHtR0.332−4.142 (−4.854 to −3.431)0.065<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.361−0.068 (−0.078 to −0.058)0.070<0.001
 BRI0.324−0.163 (−0.192 to −0.134)0.062<0.001
>62 years
 BMI0.234−0.074 (−0.088 to −0.060)0.056<0.001
 WHtR0.195−3.086 (−3.948 to −2.224)0.029<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.234−0.071 (−0.084 to −0.059)0.065<0.001
 BRI0.193−0.124 (−0.159 to −0.089)0.028<0.001
Assets
 BMI0.414−0.072 (−0.084 to −0.060)0.053<0.001
 WHtR0.392−3.570 (−4.335 to −2.805)0.034<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.413−0.066 (−0.075 to −0.053)0.060<0.001
 BRI0.391−0.148 (−0.180 to −0.116)0.034<0.001
Sedentary
 BMI0.408−0.080 (−0.092 to −0.068)0.055<0.001
 WHtR0.364−3.776 (−4.598 to −2.954)0.045<0.001
 CUN-BAE0.404−0.074 (−0.086 to −0.062)0.059<0.001
 BRI0.360−0.144 (−0.176 to −0.111)0.043<0.001
  • Multiple linear regression models were used to analyse the associations of adiposity measures with CAVI by groups.Adjusted for age (years), gender (0=male and 1=female), systolic blood pressure, smoking (0=no and 1=yes), atherogenic index, HbA1c and METs/min/week.BMI, body mass index; BRI, body roundness index; CAVI, cardio-ankle vascular index; CUN-BAE, Clínica Universidad de Navarra-body adiposity estimator; METs-min/week, metabolic equivalent min per week; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio.