Table 3

Descriptive statistics of perceived health threat, likelihood of action and cues to act with Cronbach’s alphas

VariableMeanSDCronbach’s alpha
Perceived health threat*
Likelihood of action†
Cues to act‡
 Recommendations of family members or friends2.231.03
  • *Adolescents’ perception of their susceptibility and that the health threat of caffeinated drinks is serious.

  • †Adolescents’ perception of the expected benefits or harms of using highly caffeinated energy drinks.

  • ‡The effect of suggestions from media or recommendations from family members or friends on adolescents’ motivation to consume highly caffeinated energy drinks.