Table 5

Crude and adjusted HRs (aHRs) and 95% CIs for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children prenatally exposed to glucocorticoids compared with their unexposed siblings

Children classified with ADHD, nChildren not classified with ADHD, nCrude HR (95% CI)aHR* (95% CI)
Unexposed children5737051.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)
Exposed children4385301.04 (0.90 to 1.19)1.03 (0.87 to 1.20)
  • *Adjusted for birth year (1996–2000, 2001–2005, 2006–2009), sex of the child, birth order, maternal smoking status and maternal infectious diseases during pregnancy.