Table 2

Characteristics of reliever-only participants with and without urgent asthma-related healthcare in the previous 12 months

Urgent asthma healthcare (n=242)No urgent asthma healthcare (n=796)p value
Age group0.189
 16–19 years22 (9.1%)68 (8.5%)
 20–29 years72 (29.9%)193 (24.2%)
 30–39 years56 (23.3%)208 (26.1%)
 40–49 years29 (12.1%)122 (15.3%)
 50–59 years35 (14.3%)118 (14.9%)
 60–69 years13 (5.5%)63 (8.0%)
 70 years and older14 (5.7%)25 (3.1%)
Male136 (56.5%)390 (49.0%)0.0027
Highest education0.169
 Year 10 or below50 (20.9)108 (13.6%)
 Years 11–1241 (16.9)149 (18.7%)
 Certificate or diploma68 (28.1)271 (34.1%)
 University degree82 (34.1)268 (33.7%)
Household income (AUD)0.106
 <$52 00090 (37.3%)229 (28.8%)
 $52 000 and over117 (48.6%)429 (53.9%)
 Prefer not to say34 (14.1%)138 (17.4%)
Government concession card149 (61.8%)329 (41.3%)<0.0001
Smoking status0.009
 Current smoker71 (29.4%)186 (23.3%)
 Past smoker69 (28.8%)209 (26.3%)
 Never smoker101 (41.9%)401 (50.4%)
Overall health status0.0569
 Excellent30 (12.6%)67 (8.4%)
 Very good85 (35.4%)309 (38.8%)
 Good85 (35.3%)296 (37.2%)
 Fair36 (14.7%)93 (11.7%)
 Poor5 (2.1%)31 (3.9%)
Frequency of reliever use<0.0001
 Every day46 (19.0%)47 (5.9%)
 5 or 6 days a week18 (7.4%)15 (1.8%)
 3 or 4 days a week39 (16.0%)83 (10.4%)
 1 or 2 days a week52 (21.7%)110 (13.8%)
 Less than 1 day a week35 (14.5%)150 (18.9%)
 Less than 1 day a month18 (7.5%)99 (12.5%)
 Only when I exercise9 (3.6%)59 (7.4%)
 A few times a year25 (10.4%)234 (29.3%)
ACT (last 4 weeks) (5-25), mean (SD)16.3 (5.2)20.8 (3.9)<0.0001
 Median (IQR)16 (12–20)22 (19–24)<0.0001
Well-controlled asthma symptoms in last 4 weeks (ACT≥20)71 (30.6%)565 (71.0%)<0.0001
Non-urgent GP visit for review of asthma161 (66.6%)212 (26.7%)<0.0001
  • ACT, Asthma Control Test; GP, general practitioner.