Table 1

Demographic, socioeconomic and mental health characteristics of people with and without disabilities, Australia, 2011–2014.

DisabilityNo disability
n=311n=6150
n%n%
Age (years)
 <304313.8190130.9
 30–446621.2195731.8
 45–6910132.5156825.5
 60+10132.572411.8
Sex
 Men16051.4292847.6
 Women15148.6322252.4
Country of birth
 Australia24177.5486279.1
 Other7022.5128820.9
Education
 Bachelor or higher5618.0182029.6
 Secondary, certificate, diploma14947.9290247.2
 Did not complete secondary10634.1142823.2
Employment
 Employed19362.1481078.2
 Unemployed92.91762.9
 Not in the labour force10935.0116418.9
Income
 Q5 (highest)5618.0166227.0
 Q46219.9149524.3
 Q36821.9125220.4
 Q26219.9117019.0
 Q1 (lowest)6320.35719.3
Wealth
 High11436.7249740.6
 Medium10634.1205233.4
 Low9129.3160126.0
Financial hardship
 Prosperous/very comfortable3912.5127820.8
 Reasonably comfortable17054.7338655.1
 Just getting by/very poor10232.8148624.2
Housing tenure
 Outright owner12038.6177328.8
 Mortgager10734.4268343.6
 Private renter6721.5148324.1
 Public renter72.3801.3
 Other103.21312.1
Housing affordability
 Affordable28992.9573193.2
 Unaffordable227.14196.8
Relationship
 Yes22973.6420468.4
 No8226.4194631.6
Children
 No8226.4239639.0
 Yes22973.6375461.0
Alcohol consumption
 Never5317.092015.0
 Rarely11537.0217135.3
 1–2 times/week5216.7134021.8
 ≥3 times/week9129.3171928.0
Smoking
 Never smoked14646.9367659.8
 Ex-smoker10232.8148324.1
 Current6320.399116.1
Physical activity
 ≥4 times/week11035.4229437.3
 1–3 times/week12239.2261242.5
 <1 time/week7925.4124420.2
n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
Mental health31170.9 (19.2)615077.6 (14.9)
Mental health at baseline31173.8 (18.4)615077.9 (14.3)
BMI31127.4 (5.3)615025.8 (5.0)
Social support3115.3 (1.1)61505.6 (1.0)
  • BMI, body mass index.