Table 2

Comparison of the characteristics between subjects with or without DR

DRp Value
Negative (1608)Positive (141)
Age55.9±11.357.1±10.30.202
Men (%)55.5%55.6%0.979
Diabetes duration4.5±4.27.1±4.6<0.001*
BMI (kg/m2)26.3±3.725.9±2.90.090
SBP (mm Hg)134.4±20.3139.7±23.20.007*
DBP (mm Hg)82.9±11.882.6±12.20.757
CCR (mL/min)94.5±32.790.3±27.40.132
UA (men) (mmol/L)341.8±79.6321.4±72.30.029*
UA (women) (mmol/L)290.7±73.7263.5±68.90.005*
FPG (mmol/L)8.2±2.510.2±3.4<0.001*
TC (mmol/L)5.0±1.15.1±1.20.662
TG (mmol/L)2.2±2.12.2±2.20.740
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.3±0.41.3±0.30.486
LDL-C (mmol/L)2.9±0.82.9±0.90.967
Abdominal obesity (%)68.9%70.2%0.744
  • *p<0.05.

  • BMI, body mass index; CCR, creatinine clearance rate; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DM, diabetes mellitus; DR, diabetic retinopathy; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NGT, normal glucose tolerance; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; UA, uric acid.