Table 1

Characteristics of patients referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service

Seen by the service (n=181)Referred to the service but not seen (n=69)
n (%) or mean (95% CI)n (%) or mean (95% CI)p Value
Patient characteristics
 Age47.6 (45.4 to 49.8)45.8 (41.7 to 50.0)0.43
 GenderFemale96 (53%)34 (49%)0.77
Male78 (43%)33 (48%)
Transgender*7 (4%)2 (3%)
 Homeless13 (7%)7 (10%)0.44
 Number of medical problems4.7 (4.3 to 5.2)5.0 (4.2 to 5.9)0.49
 Number of medications6.4 (5.7 to 7.2)6.1 (4.9 to 7.3)0.61
 Referral form present119 (66%)58 (84%) <0.01
Information provided on the referral form(n=119)(n=58)
 Source of income†Hourly wage14 (12%)12 (21%)0.11
Salary15 (13%)5 (9%)0.43
Social assistance55 (46%)28 (48%)0.80
Pension9 (8%)4 (7%)0.87
Workers compensation1 (0.8%)0 (0%)
Employment insurance9 (7%)3 (5%)
Other26 (22%)15 (26%)0.55
 Patient needs help with…†…increasing income102 (86%)52 (90%)0.46
…reducing expenses47 (40%)29 (50%)0.19
…financial literacy36 (30%)27 (47%) 0.03
 Interpreter required4 (3%)2 (3%)
 Literacy concerns14 (12%)7 (12%)0.95
 Connected to community resources26 (22%)11 (19%)0.66
 Spends a significant portion of income on medications10 (8%)8 (14%)0.27
 Barriers to accessing health promotion service24 (20%)13 (22%)0.73
 Urgent referral31 (26%)18 (31%)0.49
  • *Includes male-to-female and female-to male transgender patients; bold face indicates significance at the 95% CI.

  • †Does not equal 100% because more than one option allowed.