Table 2

Prevalence of nutritional status by level of food insecurity

Nutritional statusFood securityMildModerateSevere
n (thousands)%95% CIn (thousands)%95% CIn (thousands)%95% CIn (thousands)%95% CI
FI in preschool-age children
Underweight8.31.10.6 to 2.140.63.02.3 to 4.118.83.12.2 to 4.615.84.72.7 to 8.1
Stunting77.610.78.6† to 13.2175.413.211.4 to 15.496.216.213.1 to 19.856.016.812.8 to 21.6
Wasting15.82.21.1 to 4.123.11.71.0‡ to 2.811.11.90.1‡ to 3.112.53.70.0* to 6.9
Overweight75.911.08.8 to 13.5120.79.78.2 to 11.547.68.36.1 to 11.231.59.66.8 to 13.3
FI in schoolers
Stunting48.44.43.3 to 5.8128.76.45.4 to 7.475.88.06.3 to 10.364.210 to 10.17.9 to 12.7
Overweight250.423.020.4 to 25.7377.218.97.21 to 20.8161.317.415.1 to 19.9112.517.814.9 to 21.0
Obesity190.617.515.1 to 20.2310.815.614.0 to 17.3136.414.712.5 to 17.368.610.88.3 to 14.0
Overweight and obesity441.040.437.3 to 43.7688.034.532.3 to 36.8297.732.128.9 to 35.5181.128.624.8 to 32.6
FI in women
Underweight20.91.20.6 to 2.122.70.690.5 to 0.919.11.20.6 to 2.512.91.30.8 to 2.3
Overweight683.537.935.1 to 40.71301.739.837.7 to 41.9563.937.233.9 to 40.8344.735.631.9 to 39.5
Obesity589.932.729.9 to 35.51206.936.934.9 to 38.9584.138.635.3 to 41.9365.737.833.6 to 42.3
Overweight and obesity1273.470.567.7 to 73.32508.776.774.8 to 78.61148.075.973.1 to 78.4710.473.569.8 to 76.8
  • z-score cut-off point of <−2 SD to classify low weight for age, WHO;  z-score cut-off point of <−2 SD to classify low height for age, WHO;  z-score cut-off point of <−2 SD to classify low weight for height, WHO;  z-score cut-off point of >+2 SD to classify BMI for age, WHO;  z-score cut-off point of >+1 and  ≤+2 SD to classify BMI for age, WHO;  BMI <18.5 kg/m2;  BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2;  BMI ≥30 kg/m2.

  • *N refers to the sample population size.

  • BMI, body mass index.