Table 1

Example Ovid Medline search, to be adapted for other databases

2Exp aged/
3(65 adj2 (years or age* or old*))
4(old* adj (adult* or people or person* or population* or men or women))
5(elder* or senior* or geriatric* or ?enarian or ag?ing)
6((age* or aging or old* or elder*) adj1 (musc*))
71 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6
8Vitamin D/
9(cholecalciferol* or calciferol* or ergocalciferol*)
10(supplements or dietary supplements)
11((vitamin D* or cholecalciferol or calciferol* OR ergocalciferol) adj supplementation)
128 or 9 or 10 or 11
13Muscle Development/
14Muscle, Skeletal/
15(Skeletal muscle adj2 (atrophy or sarcopenia or wasting or loss or deterioration))
16Muscle Strength/
17(skeletal muscle mass or size or fibres or fibers or area)
18(musc* adj2 (function* or power or strength))
19(musc* adj2 (grow* or hypertrophy or size or mass or csa or cross sectional area or volume))
20Body Composition/
21(lean adj3 mass)
22(protein adj2 (turnover or synthesis or breakdown))
23(nitrogen adj2 (balance or turnover or synthesis or breakdown or retention or loss or retain*))
2513 or 14 or 15 or 16 or 17 or 18 or 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 or 23 or 24
26Exp exercise/
27(resistance exercise or resistance exercise training)
28((resistance or strength or weight or cardio or aerobic) adj3 (train* or condition* or exercise* or lift*))
29(physical adj3 (activit* or exercise* or train* or exertion* or endurance* or therap* or conditioning or fitness))
30(exercise adj3 (train* or intervention* or protocol* or program* or therap* or regim* or activit*))
3126 or 27 or 28 or 29 or 30
327 and 12 and 25 and 31
33Limit 32 to humans
34Remove duplicates from 33