Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of 284 youth and adults with ASD living in Ontario with and without ED visits

Total sample (N=284)Visited ED (n=63)Did not visit ED (n=221)
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Predisposing
 Age
  Mean (SD)18.4 (6.2)18.8 (5.9)18.3 (6.3)
 Gender
  Female61 (21.5)19 (30.2)42 (19.0)
  Male223 (78.5)44 (69.8)179 (81.0)
 SCQ score
  Mean (SD)22.6 (6.3)22.5 (6.7)22.6 (6.2)
 ID
  ID132 (46.5)29 (46.0)103 (46.6)
  No ID121 (42.6)30 (47.6)91 (41.2)
  Missing31 (10.9)4 (6.3)27 (12.2)
Enabling
 Parent marital status
  Unmarried67 (23.6)18 (28.6)49 (22.2)
  Married/living with partner217 (76.4)45 (71.4)172 (77.8)
 Parent immigrated
  Yes67 (23.6)15 (23.8)52 (23.5)
  No217 (76.4)48 (76.2)169 (76.5)
 Parental education
  High education211 (74.3)48 (76.2)163 (73.8)
  Low education71 (25.0)56 (23.8)56 (25.3)
  Missing2 (0.7)02 (0.9)
 Neighbourhood income
  Low59 (20.8)18 (28.6)41 (18.6)
  High225 (79.2)45 (71.4)180 (81.4)
 Daytime activity
  Unstructured39 (13.7)13 (20.6)26 (11.8)
  Structured245 (86.3)50 (79.4)195 (88.2)
 Family distress
  Mean (SD)4.2 (1.8)5.0 (1.9)3.9 (1.7)
 Urban-rural residence
  Urban254 (89.4)52 (82.5)202 (91.4)
  Rural30 (10.5)11 (17.5)19 (8.6)
Need
 Medical comorbidity
  Yes98 (34.5)23 (36.5)75 (33.9)
  No186 (65.5)40 (63.5)146 (66.1)
 Psychiatric comorbidity
  Yes132 (46.5)36 (57.1)96 (43.4)
  No152 (53.5)27 (42.9)125 (56.6)
 On medication
  Yes162 (57.0)46 (73.0)116 (52.5)
  No122 (43.0)17 (27.0)105 (47.5)
 History of aggression
  Yes180 (63.4)42 (66.7)138 (62.4)
  No104 (36.6)21 (33.3)83 (37.6)
 ED visit in past year
  Yes67 (23.6)30 (47.6)37 (16.7)
  No217 (76.2)33 (52.4)184 (83.3)
 2+ Negative life events
  Yes68 (23.9)26 (41.3)42 (19.0)
  No216 (76.9)37 (58.7)179 (81.0)
  • ASD, autism spectrum disorder; ED, emergency department; ID, intellectual disability; SCQ, Social Communication Questionnaire.