Table 2

Taxonomy components present in the SPACE for COPD(C) facilitator manual, elaboration of the techniques under each component, direct examples from the SPACE for COPD(C) facilitator manual and the dose of the component

Taxonomy componentElaborationExamples from the SPACE for COPD(C) facilitator manual (dose)
A2. Information about available resourcesParticipants are provided with information throughout the programme (every session).
A3. Provision of/agreement on specific clinical action plans and/or rescue medication Session 4: Action plans (session 4 only).
A6. Practical support with adherence (medication or behavioural)Walking and strength training diaries are provided for participants and discussed during sessions.Walking and strength training diaries are provided for participants and discussed during solution focused goal feedback at the beginning of sessions 3–6 (sessions 3–6).
A8. Safety nettingParticipants are able to call programme facilitators between sessions if neededParticipants are provided with contact details for programme facilitators who they can call if needed (this is a constant throughout the programme).
A11. Training/rehearsal for practical self-management activitiesIncluding:
  • managing shortness of breath

  • saving your energy

Session 2: Managing shortness of breath (session 2 only).
Session 3: Saving your energy (session 3 only).
A12. Training/rehearsal in psychological strategiesIncluding:
  • goal setting (including action planning)

  • solution focused goal feedback

  • problem solving

  • self-reward and social reward

  • managing stress and emotions

Goal setting activity (including action planning) and solution focused goal feedback (once every session).
Problem solving (this is a constant throughout the programme).
Session 4: Managing stress and emotions (session 4 only).
A13. Social supportIncluding:
  • practical support

  • emotional support

Participants are encouraged to share experiences, advice, ideas and support each other (this is a constant throughout the programme).
A14. Lifestyle advice and supportIncluding:
  • introduction to the walking programme

  • strength training

  • hobbies

  • maintaining exercise

Session 2: Introduction to the walking programme (session 2 only).
Session 3: Strength training (session 3 only).
Session 6: Hobbies (session 6 only).
Session 6: Maintaining exercise (session 6 only).
  • SPACE for COPD(C), Self-management Programme of Activity Coping and Education.