Table 4

Factors associated with school absence during menstruation among Bangladeshi schoolgirls, 2013

Absent during menstruation n (%*)PD† (%)95% CIp ValueAPD‡ %95% CIp Value
Feel uncomfortable at school during menstruation
 Yes284/287 (99)66(61 to 71)0.0005854 to 63<0.001
 No647/2045 (32)
Current perception about menstruation:
 A normal biological process357/959 (38)
 No idea455/1132 (40)0.5(−5.7 to 6.7)0.998
 A female illness115/229 (52)10(0.2 to 18)0.015
Believe menstrual problems interfere with school performance
 Yes480/756 (64)36(29 to 44)0.00027(20 to 33)<0.001
 No451/1576 (30)
Gender-separated toilet at school
 Yes400/1036 (36)−5.0(−11 to 0.5)0.075
 No531/1296 (43) - - - - -
Gender-separated unlocked toilet for girls at school
 Yes355/945 (35)−5.5(−11 to –0.5)0.039−5.4(−10 to –1.6)0.049
 No576/1387 (43)
School provided menstrual hygiene education session for girls
 Yes72/213 (40)−1.5(−11 to 14)0.816
 No859/2119 (42)
Forbidden from any activities during menstruation
 Yes801/1970 (41)10(2.3 to 18)0.0119.1(3.3 to 14)0.008
 No130/362 (33)
Not allowed to go out during menstruation
 Yes263/604 (46)5.9(−0.6 to 12)0.076
 No668/1728 (38)
  • *Weighted percentage for rural/urban balance and school size.

  • †Prevalence difference.

  • ‡Adjusted prevalence difference calculated by adjusting for ‘feel uncomfortable at school during menstruation’, ‘believe menstrual problems interfere with school performance’, ‘unlocked toilet for girls at school’, ‘student’s age’ and ‘area of school (rural vs urban).