Table 2

Predicted 5-year type 2 diabetes risk (%, 95% CI) in 1997–1999 (GNHIES98, n=6457) and 2008–2011 (DEGS1, n=6095) according to sensitivity and stratified analyses among participants aged 18–79 years

1997–1999
(GNHIES98)
2008–2011
(DEGS1)
p Value for trend
Sensitivity analyses
Exclusion of participants with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels =48 mmol/mol (6.5%)*1.4 (1.3 to 1.5)1.0 (1.0 to 1.1)<0.01
History of hypertension defined as use of antihypertensive agents and self-reported physician diagnosis or systolic blood pressure =140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure =90 mm Hg†1.5 (1.4 to 1.7)1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)<0.01
Mean whole grain intake in DEGS1 assigned as a constant to all GNHIES98 participants1.5 (1.4 to 1.6)1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)<0.01
Mean red meat intake in DEGS1 assigned as a constant to all GNHIES98 participants1.3 (1.2 to 1.4)1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)<0.01
Mean coffee intake in DEGS1 assigned as a constant to all GNHIES98 participants1.5 (1.4 to 1.6)1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)<0.01
Mean waist circumference in DEGS1 assigned as a constant to all GNHIES98 participants1.4 (1.3 to 1.4)1.1 (1.1 to 1.1)<0.01