Table 3

Knowledge of critical danger signs* for pregnancy, birth, postpartum and newborn care among participating auxiliary midwives (AMWs)

Knowledge of critical danger signsn (n=262)Per cent
Pregnancy (six items)
Vaginal bleeding21481.6
Severe headache with blurred vision15258.0
Fever and too weak to get out of bed13451.2
Severe abdominal pain6223.7
Fast and difficult breathing6324.1
Knowing three or more critical danger signs during pregnancy15157.6
Childbirth and postpartum (eight items)
Not in labour within 6 hours of water breaking14153.8
Labour pain (contractions) continue for more than 12 hours10540.1
Heavy bleeding after childbirth (pad/cloth soaked in less than 5 min)11644.3
Bleeding increases18972.1
Placenta not expelled 1 hour after the birth of the baby (retained placenta)15258.0
Fast and difficulty breathing5119.5
Fever and too weak to get out of bed5219.9
Knowing four or more critical danger signs during birth and postpartum14254.2
Newborn (six items)
Difficult breathing (over 60/min or less than 30/min)18369.9
Fits or convulsions15659.5
Feels cold (cold body temperature)11744.7
Bleeding from umbilicus or pus and redness around the umbilicus20277.1
Poor or no response to breast feeding17265.7
Knowing three or more critical danger signs in newborns20277.1
AMWs who showed consistent high knowledge of critical danger signs (at least three danger signs in antenatal and four in childbirth and postpartum and three in new born periods)8934.0
  • *As defined in the 2015 Myanmar AMW manual.