Table 3

The adjusted ORs (CI) for the studied covariates from binary multivariable logistic regression models for children experiencing diarrhoea for Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan

Variables (reference category) levelsOR of diarrhoea (95% CI)
BangladeshNepalPakistan
Age of child (36–59 months)
 0–111.63* (1.23 to 2.16)3.19* (2.51 to 4.05)2.56* (2.26 to 2.91)
 12–351.71* (1.36 to 2.14)3.29* (2.68 to 4.04)2.24* (2.01 to 2.50)
Place of residence (urban)
 Rural0.87 (0.69 to 1.12)0.92 (0.68 to 1.25)0.83* (0.73 to 0.94)
Mother’s education (secondary or higher)
 Incomplete primary1.70* (1.16 to 2.49)1.41** (1.03 to 1.93)1.27* (1.08 to 1.48)
 Incomplete secondary1.69* (1.20 to 2.38)1.55* (1.14 to 2.10)1.19** (1.0 1 to 1.40)
Mother’s access to mass media (have access)
 No access1.16 (0.91 to 1.48)1.07 (0.85 to 1.35)1.01 (0.90 to 1.13)
Age of mother at the time of survey (30–49 years)
 15–190.94 (0.67 to 1.30)0.83 (0.59 to 1.17)1.40** (1.05 to 1.86)
 20–290.94 (0.74 to 1.21)0.99 (0.81 to 1.20)1.17* (1.07 to 1.29)
Wealth status (high)
 Low0.79 (0.48 to 1.30)0.71† (0.47 to 1.06)1.53* (1.23 to 1.91)
 Middle0.78 (0.53 to 1.16)0.94 (0.66 to 1.33)1.49* (1.26 to 1.77)
Source of drinking water (hygienic in premises)
 Unimproved or not in premises1.21 (0.96 to 1.53)1.10 (0.91 to 1.31)0.93 (0.83 to 1.04)
Toilet facility (ideal)
 Worst1.06 (0.76 to 1.46)1.29** (1.04 to 1.59)1.10 (0.97 to 1.25)
 Moderate1.03 (0.82 to 1.29)0.92 (0.70 to 1.20)1.01 (0.88 to 1.17)
No of adults per room (up to two adults per room)
 More than two adults0.76* (0.62 to 0.93)1.12 (0.95 to 1.33)1.06 (0.95 to 1.17)
Household floor material (not mud)
 Floor made of mud1.27 (0.89 to 1.81)1.11 (0.83 to 1.48)0.94 (0.82 to 1.08)
  • *p<0.01.

  • **p<0.05.

  • †p<0.1.