Table 5

Multivariate logistic regression models: associations between active listing in primary care, socioeconomic status and geographical factors, adjusting for multimorbidity, type of primary care practice, sex and age

Logistic modelsIncluding all factors, municipality A (n=49 931)Including all factors, municipality C (n=20 020)Including all factors, population of Blekinge (n=123 168)
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Individual income
 1/41.001.001.00
 2/41.45**(1.36 to 1.55)1.54**(1.34 to 1.75)1.45**(1.39 to 1.52)
 3/41.37**(1.28 to 1.46)1.87**(1.66 to 2.11)1.49**(1.42 to 1.55)
 4/41.22**(1.14 to 1.31)1.71**(1.51 to 1.94)1.40**(1.33 to 1.46)
Education level
 Less than 9 years1.001.001.00
 9 years0.90(0.81 to 1.00)1.08(0.88 to 1.33)0.97(0.91 to 1.04)
 College degree0.94(0.87 to 1.01)0.95(0.81 to 1.12)0.96(0.91 to 1.01)
 University degree0.77**(0.71 to 0.84)0.66**(0.56 to 0.79)0.74**(0.70 to 0.78)
Distance primary care
  0–1 km1.001.001.00
 >1–5 km0.83**(0.79 to 0.88)1.08(0.98 to 1.18)0.90**(0.87 to 0.93)
 >5–10 km0.81**(0.74 to 0.87)2.44**(2.07 to 2.87)0.90**(0.86 to 0.94)
 >10–15 km0.73**(0.63 to 0.84)1.45(0.98 to 2.13)0.79**(0.72 to 0.85)
 >15–20 km0.65**(0.50 to 0.85)0.73(0.38 to 1.39)0.68**(0.59 to 0.78)
 >20 km0.51(0.17 to 1.56)-0.74**(0.56 to 0.98)
Distance hospital
  0–5 km1.001.001.00
 >5–10 km0.80**(0.76 to 0.86)0.45**(0.40 to 0.51)0.81**(0.77 to 0.85)
 >10–15 km0.89**(0.83 to 0.96)0.47**(0.37 to 0.60)0.83**(0.78 to 0.88)
 >15–20 km1.04(0.95 to 1.14)0.78(0.48 to 1.27)1.10**(1.03 to 1.17)
 >20–25 km0.89(0.77 to 1.04)0.38*(0.17 to 0.85)1.09**(1.02 to 1.16)
 >25 km0.72**(0.58 to 0.89)-1.23**(1.10 to 1.38)
Municipality --
 A1.00
 B1.35**(1.28 to 1.43)
 C5.62**(5.37 to 5.87)
 D3.21**(3.01 to 3.43)
 E2.12**(1.97 to 2.28)
Multimorbidity level
 RUB 01.001.001.00
 RUB 13.14**(2.96 to 3.34)3.97**(3.50 to 4.50)2.70**(2.58 to 2.81)
 RUB 24.00**(3.79 to 4.22)4.42**(3.97 to 4.93)3.29**(3.17 to 3.42)
 RUB 35.89**(5.57 to 6.22)8.16**(7.14 to 9.33)5.08**(4.88 to 5.29)
 RUB 48.95**(7.59 to 10.56)6.72**(4.63 to 9.77)6.99**(6.18 to 7.89)
 RUB 510.40**(6.72 to 16.10)7.17**(2.23 to 23.04)9.27**(6.60 to 13.02)
Age
 16–19 years1.001.001.00
 20–39 years1.05(0.93 to 1.18)0.54**(0.44 to 0.66)0.74**(0.68 to 0.79)
 40–59 years1.60**(1.42 to 1.81)1.01(0.82 to 1.25)1.24**(1.15 to 1.34)
 60–79 years3.25**(2.87 to 3.69)1.81**(1.43 to 2.29)2.44**(2.25 to 2.64)
 80 years4.93**(4.22 to 5.75)7.42**(4.85 to 11.35)3.93**(3.54 to 4.36)
Sex
 Women1.001.001.00
 Men0.64**(0.62 to 0.67)0.69**(0.64 to 0.76)0.68**(0.66 to 0.70)
Practice type
 Private1.00-1.00
 Public0.01**(0.00 to 0.01)-0.53**(0.51 to 0.55)
  • Separate models for the subpopulations of municipality A (n=49 931) and C (n=20 020), and Blekinge (n=123 168) 2007, aged >15 years with no missing data.

  • *p<0.01; **p<0.05.