ModelHR (95% CI)p for trend
Low (Reference)MiddleHigh
Crude1.001.10 (0.64 to 1.91)1.99 (1.21 to 3.26)0.008
Model 11.001.10 (0.64 to 1.92)2.00 (1.22 to 3.30)0.007
Model 21.001.09 (0.63 to 1.89)1.97 (1.19 to 3.26)0.009
Model 31.001.14 (0.65 to 2.00)2.15 (1.22 to 3.80)0.012
Model 41.001.23 (0.69 to 2.19)2.10 (1.16 to 3.80)0.031
Model 51.001.23 (0.69 to 2.20)2.02 (1.11 to 3.68)0.049
  • Model 1: adjusted for sex and age; Model 2: Model 1+ total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension and smoking; Model 3: Model 2+ triglycerides, hs-CRP, and HbA1c; Model 4: Model 3+uric acid, body mass index and family history of CVD and Model 5: Model 4+left ventricle ejection fraction.

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; HbA1c, glycosylated haemoglobin type A1C; hs-CRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein.