Table 1

Sample characteristics by community health centre (CHC) usage status

FactorsTotal
(N=2247)
Non-users
(n=634)
Users
(n=1613)
p Value
Predisposing factors
Age, mean (SD)46.8 (17.0)41.9 (15.9)48.8 (17.1)<0.001
Age group (%)<0.001
  18–24 years8.813.47.0
  25–34 years19.122.717.7
  35–44 years20.925.119.3
  45–54 years16.617.416.2
  55–64 years16.111.717.8
  ≥65 years18.69.822.0
Gender (%)<0.001
  Male47.454.644.5
 Female52.645.455.5
Marital status (%)<0.001
  Never married9.317.86.0
  Married82.276.784.4
  Divorced or widowed8.45.59.5
Education level (%)<0.001
 No formal education9.68.710.0
 Elementary school29.723.332.2
 Middle school34.031.435.0
 High or vocational school16.321.114.4
 College and above10.415.58.4
Employment status (%)<0.001
 Currently employed50.461.446.1
 Retired6.53.97.4
 Not employed43.134.646.5
Aware of body weight (%)96.396.496.20.862
Aware of blood pressure level (%)70.258.274.9<0.001
Enabling factors
Annual household per capita income (¥) (%)0.001
 ≤¥49993.31.64.0
  ¥5000–999915.015.514.9
  ¥10 000–29 99963.360.364.5
  ¥30 000–49 99912.515.611.3
 ≥¥50 0005.97.15.4
Has medical insurance (%)94.492.195.40.004
Walking time from home to the CHC (%)0.029
 ≤15 min86.383.887.4
 >15 min13.716.212.6
Need factors
 Self-rated health<0.001
  Very poor or poor2.50.63.3
  Fair18.611.821.2
  Good45.443.046.3
  Very good33.544.529.1
Number of chronic diseases (%)<0.001
  077.484.974.5
  116.312.517.8
 ≥26.32.77.7
Regular physical activities (%)53.245.156.4<0.001
Being sick in the 2 weeks prior to the survey (%)14.110.315.60.001
Hospitalised in prior year (%)16.710.119.3<0.001