Table 1

Example of Medline Ovid search strategy 1948 to 10 December 2015

#Searches
1Physical activity/
2Physical* adj2 (activity or training or therapy*)
3(Exercis* or rehabilitation* or treatment*)
4(Closed kinetic chain* or open kinetic chain* or isokinetic* or isometric* or anaerobic* or muscle* or stretching* or aerobic* or isotonic* or treadmill*or endurance* or walking*) adj1 (exercise*)
5(Resist* adj2 (exercise* or therapy or training))
61 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5
7Dietary restriction. mp.
8Meal replacement.mp.
9Weight loss/ or weight loss.mp. or intentional weight loss.mp.
10Caloric Restriction/ or Obesity/ or Body Weight/ or hypo or hypocloric diet/
11Energy intake/ or adipos*/ or Body Mass Index/ or Overweight/
12Diet/ or Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted/ or Diet, Reducing/ or Diet Therapy/ or Diet, Vegetarian/
13Obesity/ or obesity.mp.
14((Low carbohydrate* or low calor* or low fat* or vegetarian*) adj1 (diet*))
15(Diet adj2 (therapy* or treatment*))
167 or 8 or 9 or 10 or 11 or 12 or 13 or 14 or 15
17Aging/
18Exp aged/
19(55 adj2 (year* or age* or old*))
20(old* adj (adult* or people or person* or population* or men or women))
21(aging* adj (adult* or people or person* or population*or men or women))
22(elder* or senior* or geriatric* ?enarian or ageing)
23(age* or aging or old* or elder*) adj1 (musc*))
2417 or 18 or 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 or 23
25Pain/ or Knee Joint/ or Knee pain.mp. or Osteoarthritis, knee/
26Knee osteoarthritis.mp. or Osteoarthritis, knee/
27(Knee* adj (arthritis or osteoarthritis* or inflammation* or degeneration* or disease or pain*))
28(radiographic* or symptomatic* or clinical* adj1 (knee osteoarthritis*))
2925 or 26 or 27 or 28
30Musculoskeletal function. mp.
31Muscle function. mp.
32Body composition/
33Mobility.mp.
34(Gait or walking) adj1 (speed)
35Functional ability.mp.
36‘Activity of daily’ living/ or. mp.
37‘Quality of life’/
38Balance.mp.
39(musculoskeletal adj2(pain or disorder*))
40(Musc* adj (power or strength or performance or function or weakness))
4141. 30 or 31 or 32 or 33 or 34 or 35 or 36 or 37 or 38 or 39 or 40
426 and 16 and 24 and 29 and 41