Table 5

Standardised coefficients for each term in the relaxed accumulation models, in the NSHD and Whitehall II, by gender

MenWomen
Complete caseMultiple imputationComplete caseMultiple imputation
Coeff95% CICoeff95% CICoeff95% CICoeff95% CI
Unadjusted NSHDUnadjusted NSHD
Childhood SEP0.23(0.11 to 0.35)0.21(0.10 to 0.32)0.32(0.19 to 0.44)0.36(0.25 to 0.48)
Early adulthood SEP0.51(0.38 to 0.64)0.59(0.47 to 0.70)0.83(0.70 to 0.96)0.82(0.71 to 0.93)
Adult SEP0.66(0.52 to 0.80)0.65(0.53 to 0.76)0.51(0.36 to 0.65)0.50(0.36 to 0.63)
Constant−0.74(−0.85, to 0.64)−0.70(−0.79, to 0.60)−0.79(−0.91, to 0.67)−0.72(−0.82, to 0.62)
Whitehall II*Whitehall II
Childhood SEP0.15(0.09 to 0.21)0.14(0.02 to 0.26)0.12(0.02 to 0.22)
Early adulthood SEP0.37(0.31 to 0.43)0.43(0.28 to 0.57)0.39(0.29 to 0.49)
Adult SEP0.56(0.51 to 0.62)0.62(0.47 to 0.77)0.75(0.65 to 0.85)
Age0.00(−0.01, 0.00)−0.01(−0.02, to 0.00)−0.02(−0.02, to 0.01)
Number of times previously taken cognitive tests0.07(0.03 to 0.10)0.06(−0.01, 0.14)0.13(0.09 to 0.18)
Constant−0.44(−0.73, to 0.14)0.38(−0.30, 1.05)0.68(0.22 to 1.14)
  • *None of the life course models considered fit the data as well as the saturated model in the complete case analysis of men in Whitehall II.

  • NSHD, National Survey of Health and Development; SEP, socioeconomic position.