Table 1

Detail of the included studies

Study name (year) Publication type (name) Hospital name Simulation purpose ED Detail Patient Flow Description
Anagnostou et al 21 (2013)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown several hospitals in Greater LondonProof of conceptNo detailTextual; activity list
Au-Yeung et al 22 (2006)Conference proceedings
(Modelling and Simulation)
Unknown hospital in North LondonService redesignMore detailFlow chart; textual
Baboolal et al 23 (2012)Journal article
(Emergency Medicine Journal)
University Hospital of WalesService redesignMore detailTextual
Bowers et al 24 (2009)Journal article
(Journal of Simulation)
Unknown hospital in Fife, ScotlandService redesignSome detailFlow chart
Brailsford et al 10 (2004)Journal article
(Journal of Operational Research Society)
Nottingham City Hospital and QMC in NottinghamService redesignMore detailTextual
Coats and Michalis25 (2001)Journal article
(Emergency Medicine Journal)
Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel, LondonService redesignNo detailFlow chart
Codrington-Virtue et al 26 (2006)Conference proceedings
(Computer-Based Medical Systems)
Unknown hospitalUnderstand capacityMore detailTextual
Codrington-Virtue et al 27 (2011)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospitalProof of conceptSome detailFlow chart; textual
Coughlan et al 28 (2011)Journal article
(Emergency Medicine Journal)
Unknown district general hospital in West LondonService redesignSome detailFlow chart; textual
Davies29 (2007)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospitalService redesignMore detailFlow chart; textual
Eatock et al 11 (2011)Journal article
(Journal of Health Org. and Management)
Hillingdon Hospital in West LondonService redesignMore detailFlow chart; textual
Fletcher et al 12 (2007)Journal article
(Journal of Operational Research Society)
Unknown hospitals (n=10)Service redesignNo detailFlow chart; textual
Günal and Pidd13 (2009)Journal article
(Emergency Medicine Journal)
Unknown hospitalUnderstand behaviourNo detailFlow chart; textual
Günal and Pidd30 (2006)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospitalService redesignSome detailTextual; activity list
Hay et al 31 (2006)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospitals (n=4)Understand behaviourNo detailFlow chart; textual
Komashie and Mousavi32 (2005)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospital in LondonService redesignMore detailFlow chart
Lane et al 33 (2000)Journal article
(Journal of Operational Research Society)
Unknown teaching hospital in LondonService redesign; forecastingMore detailFlow chart; textual
Lattimer et al 14 (2004)Journal article
(Emergency Medicine Journal)
Nottingham City Hospital and QMC in NottinghamService redesign; forecastingSome detailFlow chart
Maull et al 34 (2009)Journal article
(The Service Industries Journal)
Unknown hospital in South West of EnglandService redesign; forecastingNo detailFlow chart
Meng and Spedding35 (2008)Conference proceedings
(Winter Simulation Conference)
Unknown hospitalService redesignMore detailFlow chart; textual
Mould et al 36 (2013)Journal article
(Health Systems)
Unknown hospital in Fife, ScotlandService redesignNo detailFlow chart
  • ED, emergency department; QMC, Queen’s Medical Centre.