Table 1

ED visits, hospitalisations, facilities, capacity and ownership in hospitals with an ED, 2005–2014

Variable2005
N (%)
2014
N (%)
Per cent difference*p  Value for trend
ED visits
Total ED9 824 501†13 261 674†34.99<0.001
Outpatient ED8 357 519 (85.1)11 436 280 (86.2)36.84<0.001
Inpatient ED1 466 982 (14.9)1 825 394 (13.8)24.43<0.01
Hospitalisations
Admissions3 182 583†3 026 729†−4.900.06
Hospital days16 623 075†14 526 322†−12.61<0.001
Facilities
Total EDs333†339†1.800.05
Comprehensive EDs9(2.7)9(2.7)0.00---
Basic EDs285(85.6)298(87.9)4.56<0.001
Standby EDs39(11.7)32(9.4)−17.95<0.01
Capacity in hospitals with EDs (number of beds)‡
ED5904†7663†29.79<0.001
Medical or surgical36 989†39 147†5.83<0.001
Intensive care unit5145†6244†21.36<0.001
Coronary care unit940†922†−1.910.21
Psychiatric3691†2975†−19.40<0.001
Chemical dependency321†237†−26.170.03
Ownership
Number of hospitals
Government71(21.3)66(19.6)−7.04<0.001
Non-profit203(61.0)208(61.7)2.460.01
For-profit59(17.7)63(18.7)6.780.80
Number of ED beds
Government1135(19.2)1394(18.2)22.82<0.001
Non-profit4006(67.9)5192(67.8)29.61<0.001
For-profit763(12.9)1077(14.0)41.15<0.001
  • Percentages might not add up to 100 because of rounding.

  • * Difference in numbers from 2005 to 2014.

  • Not applicable.

  • Licensed beds reported (no staffed beds in this table due to data quality issues).

  • ED, emergency department.