Table 1

Background characteristics of study participants by site

VariableFacility basedMobileNp Value
Gender
 Male265 (43.66)157 (38.77)422 (41.70)0.122
 Female342 (56.34)248 (61.23)590 (58.30)
Age, mean (SD)35.8 (10.5)35.3 (10)0.9
Marital status
 Single78 (12.85)48 (11.85)126 (12.45)
 Married361 (59.47)252 (62.22)613 (60.57)
 Separated82 (13.51)37 (9.14)119 (11.76)0.002
 Divorced13 (2.14)26 (6.42)39 (3.85)
 Widower73 (12.03)42 (10.37)115 (11.36)
Level of education
 None104 (17.13)81 (20.00)185 (18.28)
 Primary470 (77.43)299 (73.83)769 (75.99)0.4
 Secondary29 (4.78)24 (5.93)53 (5.24)
 Vocational4 (0.66)1 (0.25)5 (0.49)
Main occupation
 Unemployed28 (4.61)15 (3.70)43 (4.25)
 Student18 (2.97)3 (0.74)21 (2.08)0.23
 Driver9 (1.48)5 (1.23)14 (1.38)
 Employed18 (2.97)11 (2.72)29 (2.87)
 Self- employed530 (87.31)369 (91.11)899 (88.83)
 Other4 (0.66)2 (0.49)6 (0.59)
Means of transport
 Walking163 (26.85)200 (49.38)363 (35.87)
 Bicycle93 (15.32)77 (19.01)170 (16.80)p<0.0001
 Motor cycle143 (23.56)71 (17.53)214 (21.15)
 Public transport201 (33.11)55 (13.58)256 (25.30)
 Private car7 (1.15)2 (0.49)9 (0.89)
Time to reach clinic (hours)
 <1397 (65.40)295 (72.84)692 (68.38)
 1–2157 (25.86)76 (18.77)233 (23.02)0.004
 2–550 (8.24)26 (6.42)76 (7.51)
 >53 (0.49)8 (1.98)11 (1.09)
Time to linkage, median (IQR)1 (1–7.5)6 (3–11)p<0.0001
Income (Tsh)
 <100 000497 (81.88)320 (79.01)817 (80.73)
 100 000–500 00039 (6.43)56 (13.83)95 (9.39)
 500 000–1 000 0003 (0.49)2 (0.49)5 (0.49)0.0006
 >1 000 0000 (0.00)1 (0.25)1 (0.1)
 NA52 (8.57)21 (5.19)73 (7.21)
 Refused to answer16 (2.64)5 (1.23)21 (2.08)